DENT4105 Introduction to Cariology

6 points
Not available in 2018Oral Health Care Centre of WA (OHCWA)Face to face
This unit equips students with knowledge relating to clinical dental sciences in the domains of (1) nutrition; (2) biology of the pulp-dentine complex; (3) pathogenesis and diagnosis of dental caries; (4) pathogenesis and diagnosis of non-carious tooth surface loss (NCTSL); and (5) non-operative management of dental caries.
Students are able to (1) discuss the food intake guides in terms of rationale for their development, the nutrients supplied by the food groupings in each guide and their proper application in clinical nutrition; (2) describe the most common means of assessing the nutritional status; (3) discuss the advantages and disadvantages of most common methods of diet record collection, describe the differences in nutrient requirements in various stages of the human life cycle and discuss techniques of diet counselling; (4) describe the structure and functions of the dental pulp and dentine; (5) describe the physiological interactions between the dental pulp, dentine and enamel; (6) understand how the dental pulp responds to injuries and stimuli; (7) explain the response of pulp and dentine to caries in enamel and dentine; (8) present the mechanisms and dynamic processes involved in caries (inclusive of the role of biofilms, diet and nutrition, saliva, fluoride, behavioural and social factors); (9) discuss different current and emerging methods for detection and staging the caries process and assessing activity of carious lesions; (10) obtain and record data on the presence of different stages of the caries process (signs) and symptoms related to dental caries; (11) assess the activity status for different stages of the caries process on coronal or root surfaces and for primary and secondary lesions; (12) obtain the appropriate and individual factors/indicators for determining the caries risk; (13) present results of risk assessment to patients or other dental professionals; (14) prepare a preventive strategy accordingly inclusive of dietary counselling; (15) administer preventive agents (e.g. fluorides) appropriately; (16) explain the mechanism of caries prevention agents, their methods of application and administration; (17) explain the limitations and adverse effects of molecules and products used in preventive care; (18) recognise and apply evidence based non-surgical treatment whenever appropriate; (19) present new developments to arrest or remineralise incipient lesions; (20) explain the role of behavioural and social factors in the pathogenesis of NCTSL; (21) explain the role of diet and nutrition in the pathogenesis of erosive and non-erosive tooth wear; (22) list the biochemical events in the dental hard tissues occurring in the pathogenesis of NCTSL; (23) obtain and record data on the presence and activity status of the different types of NCTSL; and (24) discuss current and emerging methods for detection and staging the NCTSL and assessing their activity.
Typically this unit is assessed in the following ways: (1) pulp and dentine (written assessment) (barrier); (2) caries diagnosis and management (written assessment) (barrier); and (3) non-operative management of caries (written examination) (barrier). Further information is available in the unit outline.

Supplementary assessment is not available in this unit.
Unit Coordinator(s)
Dr Sobia Zafar
Unit rules
DENT4106 Introduction to Operative Dentistry, DENT4107 Introduction to Pain Control,
DENT4108 Introduction to Removable Prosthodontics
Approved quota: 56—domestic (50) and international (6); for school leavers—rural (3), Metropolitan Pathway (3), Indigenous (3), high academic achievement (5), international (3); for graduates—rural (2), Metropolitan Pathway (2), Indigenous (2), international (3), graduates (30)
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