Studying online

There are now 3 possible online modes for units:

Units with modes Online timetabled and Online flexible are available for any student to self-enrol and study online.

Units available in Online Restricted mode have been adapted for online study only for those students who require the unit to complete their studies and who are unable to attend campus owing to exceptional circumstances beyond their control. To be enrolled in a unit in Online Restricted mode, students should contact their Student Advising Office through askUWA

Click on an offering mode for more details.

Unit Overview


This unit offers a regional study of the entire upper and lower limbs, describing joints and joint movements, muscle groups and patterns of innervation. It draws attention to specialised functions of the limbs such as hand mechanisms and locomotion. Topics of interest like nerve injuries relate the basic structure to altered function. This is followed by the study of the anatomical organisation of the head and neck. In addition to the topographic organisation of this region, attention is paid to functional areas like mastication, swallowing and the eye, along with embryonic development and its correlation.

6 points
Not available in 2023UWA (Perth)Face to face
Details for undergraduate courses
  • Level 2 elective

Students are able to (1) describe the functional anatomy of the limbs and head and neck; (2) understand the anatomy of the limbs as the basis of joint movement and function; (3) understand comparison between the limbs as the basis for the different functional requirements in humans; and (4) understand anatomical, developmental and evolutionary principles illustrated by the regional anatomy of the head and neck.


Indicative assessments in this unit are as follows: (1) continuous assessment; (2) laboratory examination in the form of 'spot' questions; and (3) end-of-semester written examination consisting of short-answer and multiple-choice questions. Further information is available in the unit outline.

Student may be offered supplementary assessment in this unit if they meet the eligibility criteria.

Unit Coordinator(s)
Associate Professor Nick Milne
Unit rules
Successful completion of
one Unit(s) ANHB2212 Human Structure and Development
or Unit(s) ANHB1101 Human Biology I: Becoming Human
or ANHX1101 Human Biology 1 (Becoming Human)
and Successful completion of
one Unit(s) ANHB1102 Human Biology II: Being Human
or Unit(s) ANHX1102 Human Biology 2 (Being Human)
and Successful completion of
Unit(s) SSEH1101 The Musculoskeletal System and Movement
Contact hours
lectures: 2 hours per week
labs/tutorials: 2–3 hours per week

(refer to the unit website for more detail)

Gross Anatomy
Hartwig, W. Fundamental Anatomy: Lippincott c.2008


Basmajian, J. V. and Slonecker, C. E. Grant's Method of Anatomy: a Clinical Problem-solving Approach, 11th edn: Williams & Wilkins 1989

Cartmill, M. et al. Human Structure: Harvard University Press 1997

Sinnatamby, C. S., ed. Last's Anatomy: Regional and Applied, 10th (or earlier) edn: Churchill Livingstone 1999

any regional anatomy text (see unit website for details)

  • The availability of units in Semester 1, 2, etc. was correct at the time of publication but may be subject to change.
  • All students are responsible for identifying when they need assistance to improve their academic learning, research, English language and numeracy skills; seeking out the services and resources available to help them; and applying what they learn. Students are encouraged to register for free online support through GETSmart; to help themselves to the extensive range of resources on UWA's STUDYSmarter website; and to participate in WRITESmart and (ma+hs)Smart drop-ins and workshops.
  • Unit readings, including any essential textbooks, are listed in the unit outline for each unit, one week prior the commencement of study. The unit outline will be available via the LMS and the UWA Handbook one week prior the commencement of study. Reading lists and essential textbooks are subject to change each semester. Information on essential textbooks will also be made available on the Essential Textbooks. This website is updated regularly in the lead up to semester so content may change. It is recommended that students purchase essential textbooks for convenience due to the frequency with which they will be required during the unit. A limited number of textbooks will be made available from the Library in print and will also be made available online wherever possible. Essential textbooks can be purchased from the commercial vendors to secure the best deal. The Student Guild can provide assistance on where to purchase books if required. Books can be purchased second hand at the Guild Secondhand bookshop (second floor, Guild Village), which is located on campus.