Studying online

There are now 3 possible online modes for units:

Units with modes Online timetabled and Online flexible are available for any student to self-enrol and study online.

Units available in Online Restricted mode have been adapted for online study only for those students who require the unit to complete their studies and who are unable to attend campus owing to exceptional circumstances beyond their control. To be enrolled in a unit in Online Restricted mode, students should contact their Student Advising Office through askUWA

Click on an offering mode for more details.

Unit Overview


The aim of this unit is to gain a quantitative knowledge of the fluid dynamics of both freshwater and marine environments. Topics covered include: physical laws governing fluid motion and exact solutions an introduction to scaling as a means of simplifying complex equations; introduction to turbulence—Reynolds-averaged Navier-Stokes equations, basic statistical descriptions and concept of eddy viscosity, molecular versus turbulent diffusion; mixing in rivers—boundary layers, velocity profiles, hydraulic jumps, transport equation, shear dispersion; mixing in a density-stratified fluid—models of mixing, concept of mixing efficiency and mixing across density interfaces, applications to estuaries, the coastal ocean and lakes; and, turbulent jet, plume and buoyant jet dynamics for wastewater discharge design.

6 points
(see Timetable)
Semester 1OnlineOnline Restricted
Semester 1UWA (Perth)Face to face

Students are able to (1) explain the equations that govern the mean flow in environmental systems and derive solutions for flow fields under simplified conditions ; (2) characterise turbulence in environmental flows and its impact on instantaneous flow properties and mixing ; (3) predict the spatial and temporal variability of flows in riverine, coastal and atmospheric systems; (4) distinguish between molecular diffusion, turbulent diffusion and shear dispersion and apply these concepts to quantify mass transport in environmental flows ; (5) describe the extent to which density stratification can control flow and mixing in environmental systems ; and (6) design a laboratory investigation addressing an important problem in environmental fluid mechanics.


Indicative assessments in this unit are as follows: (1) assignments; (2) laboratories; and (3) a final examination. Further information is available in the unit outline.

Student may be offered supplementary assessment in this unit if they meet the eligibility criteria.

Unit Coordinator(s)
Dr Marco Ghisalberti
Unit rules
enrolment in
the Master of Professional Engineering (Environmental Engineering specialisation).
This unit is also available to students in the Master of Ocean Leadership with the approval of the course coordinator and completion of an undergraduate major in Engineering Science or equivalent.
Advisable prior study
ENSC3010 Hydraulics
Contact hours
lectures: 2 per week
practical sessions: 2 per week
laboratories: two 3-hour sessions per semester

Fischer, H. B. et al. Mixing in Inland and Coastal Waters: Academic Press 1979

Fox, R. W., McDonald, A. T. and Pritchard, P. J. Introduction to Fluid Mechanics, 6th edn: Wiley 2004

Gerhart, P. M., Gross, R. J. and Hochstein, J. I. Fundamentals of Fluid Mechanics, 2nd edn: Addison-Wesley Publication 1993

Kundu, P. K. and Cohen, I. M. Fluid Mechanics, 3rd edn: Elsevier Academic Press 2004

Munson, B. R., Young, D. F. and Okiishi, T. H. Fundamentals of Fluid Mechanics: Wiley 2002

Tennekes, H. and Lumley, J. A First Course in Turbulence: MIT Press 1972


  • The availability of units in Semester 1, 2, etc. was correct at the time of publication but may be subject to change.
  • All students are responsible for identifying when they need assistance to improve their academic learning, research, English language and numeracy skills; seeking out the services and resources available to help them; and applying what they learn. Students are encouraged to register for free online support through GETSmart; to help themselves to the extensive range of resources on UWA's STUDYSmarter website; and to participate in WRITESmart and (ma+hs)Smart drop-ins and workshops.
  • Unit readings, including any essential textbooks, are listed in the unit outline for each unit, one week prior the commencement of study. The unit outline will be available via the LMS and the UWA Handbook one week prior the commencement of study. Reading lists and essential textbooks are subject to change each semester. Information on essential textbooks will also be made available on the Essential Textbooks. This website is updated regularly in the lead up to semester so content may change. It is recommended that students purchase essential textbooks for convenience due to the frequency with which they will be required during the unit. A limited number of textbooks will be made available from the Library in print and will also be made available online wherever possible. Essential textbooks can be purchased from the commercial vendors to secure the best deal. The Student Guild can provide assistance on where to purchase books if required. Books can be purchased second hand at the Guild Secondhand bookshop (second floor, Guild Village), which is located on campus.