PAED4410 Neonatal Respiration and Ventilation

Credit
6 points
Offering
(see Timetable)
AvailabilityLocationMode
Semester 2OnlineOnline
Content
This unit includes (1) respiratory ontogeny (growth and development of the airways, lungs and chest wall); (2) respiratory physiology (cell physiology, gas exchange, lung mechanics); (3) ventilation strategies (CPAP, mandatory and synchronised ventilation modalities, conventional mechanical, high frequency ventilation); (4) non-ventilation therapies (surfactant therapy, nitric oxide, nebulisation principles, pulmonary vasodilators, physiotherapy, surgical interventions); (5) medical respiratory disease and management strategies (hyaline membrane disease, chronic lung disease, persistent pulmonary hypertension, pneumothorax, pneumonia, meconium aspiration, bronchiolitis, chylothorax, congenital anomalies, surfactant deficiency, genetic respiratory disorders); (6) surgical respiratory disease and management strategies (congenital diaphragmatic hernia, congenital emphysema, congenital cystic adenomatous malformations, congenital upper airway disorders); (7) pathophysiology of disease and targeted respiratory therapy; and (8) future management strategies/experimental therapies.

The unit aims to provide a foundation for understanding neonatal respiratory disease by covering ontogeny, physiology and common diseases, advanced knowledge of mechanical ventilators and ventilation strategies, and a strong understanding of individually targeted respiratory therapy based on the underlying disease pathophysiology.
Outcomes
Students are able to (1) describe in detail respiratory ontogeny and how developmental stage impacts on respiratory transition and adaptation after birth; (2) describe normal respiratory physiologic processes in detail and have a comprehensive understanding of basic lung mechanics; (3) demonstrate a comprehensive understanding of neonatal respiratory diseases by describing them in terms of their pathophysiology and lung mechanics; (4) demonstrate advanced theoretical knowledge of ventilator components and operation, different ventilation modalities as well as different ventilation strategies; and (5) formulate a targeted neonatal respiratory management strategy for individual patients based on the underlying pathophysiology.
Assessment
Indicative assessments in this unit are as follows: (1) journal article critique; (2) submission of a case study; and (3) a two-hour multiple-choice/short-answer end-of-semester examination. Further information is available in the unit outline.

Supplementary assessment is not available in this unit.
Unit Coordinator(s)
Associate Professor Jane Pillow
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