Studying online

There are now 2 possible online modes for units:

Units with modes Online timetabled and Online flexible are available for any student to self-enrol and study online.

Click on an offering mode for more details.

Unit Overview


We live in an age characterised as ‘post–truth', constantly inundated by advertising spin, ‘alternative facts', fake news and conspiracy theories. This unit is about how we can have knowledge, how we can have justified beliefs about the world. The unit combines the investigation of theoretical questions and problems in epistemology (the theory of knowledge) and the application of these theories to real problems about what we should believe and why.

Not everything that a person believes to be true is something that they know to be true. Under what conditions does a person's belief count as being justified? Is her possessing evidence sufficient to justify the belief? Does anyone have that much evidence about anything? Does the justification of beliefs require that there exist certain 'foundational' beliefs, that is, beliefs where its own justification does not depend upon the agent's other beliefs? If so, what sort of beliefs can be foundational in this sense? Are there 'truths of reason' that are independent of observation that are foundational? What is the status of testimony? Why should someone telling us something justify us in believing it? How can studying epistemology help us sort out the global warming debate? What can it tell us about conspiracy theories, etc. Students in this unit form a comprehensive understanding of theoretical and applied issues regarding knowledge and the justification of belief.

6 points
(see Timetable)
Semester 2UWA (Perth)Face to face
Details for undergraduate courses
  • Level 2 option in the Philosophy; Philosophy, Politics and Economics major sequences
  • Level 2 elective

Students are able to (1) locate global epistemological issues in their historical and cultural context; (2) independently interpret philosophical texts; (3) evaluate philosophical positions, including identifying counter-examples and identifying and questioning their basic assumptions; (4) compare and contrast philosophical positions; (5) construct persuasive arguments; (6) demonstrate strong written communication and research skills; (7) gain knowledge about arguments in favor of, and in opposition to, theories in epistemology; (8) understand about influential philosophical views concerning knowledge and the justification of belief; and (9) reason in a constructive and cooperative way about some of the most polarising applied global issues in knowledge and the justification of belief, including climate change and conspiracy theories.


Indicative assessments in this unit are as follows: (1) essays; (2) examination; and (3) participation. Further information is available in the unit outline.

Student may be offered supplementary assessment in this unit if they meet the eligibility criteria.

Unit Coordinator(s)
Dr Michael Rubin
Unit rules
any Level 1 unit
Contact hours
lectures: 2 x 1 hour per week
tutorials: 1 x 1 hour per week
  • The availability of units in Semester 1, 2, etc. was correct at the time of publication but may be subject to change.
  • All students are responsible for identifying when they need assistance to improve their academic learning, research, English language and numeracy skills; seeking out the services and resources available to help them; and applying what they learn. Students are encouraged to register for free online support through GETSmart; to help themselves to the extensive range of resources on UWA's STUDYSmarter website; and to participate in WRITESmart and (ma+hs)Smart drop-ins and workshops.
  • Unit readings, including any essential textbooks, are listed in the unit outline for each unit, one week prior the commencement of study. The unit outline will be available via the LMS and the UWA Handbook one week prior the commencement of study. Reading lists and essential textbooks are subject to change each semester. Information on essential textbooks will also be made available on the Essential Textbooks. This website is updated regularly in the lead up to semester so content may change. It is recommended that students purchase essential textbooks for convenience due to the frequency with which they will be required during the unit. A limited number of textbooks will be made available from the Library in print and will also be made available online wherever possible. Essential textbooks can be purchased from the commercial vendors to secure the best deal. The Student Guild can provide assistance on where to purchase books if required. Books can be purchased second hand at the Guild Secondhand bookshop (second floor, Guild Village), which is located on campus.
  • Contact hours provide an indication of the type and extent of in-class activities this unit may contain. The total amount of student work (including contact hours, assessment time, and self-study) will approximate 150 hours per 6 credit points.